The federal Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) requires that all financial institutions, including check cashers, in the United States help U.S. government agencies and law enforcement preventing money laundering. To do this, the BSA requires that MSBs adhere to strict record keeping and reporting requirements. This includes:
All business that cash checks are considered Money Service Businesses (MBSs) and must register with the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (“FinCEN”). Furthermore, they must implement Anti-Money Laundering (“AML”) programs to help prevent financial crime through their businesses. These programs must include:
All MSBs are subject to IRS audits to ensure compliance of the BSA laws and regulations. State banking examiners in many states also examine their MSBs for BSA compliance.
Failure to adhere to state and federal compliance laws can lead to very serious penalties and loss of critical banking relationships.